First page Back Continue Last page Overview Graphics
Exploring universality classes of nonequilibrium statistical physics
The aim of this study is to help understanding the basic universality classes of nonequlibrium systems. Universal scaling behavior is an attractive feature in statistical physics because a wide range of models can be classified purely in terms of their collective behavior due to a diverging correlation length. Scaling phenomenon has been observed in many branches of physics, chemistry, biology, economy ... etc., most frequently by critical phase transitions and surface growth. This is a basic science topic, the results can be used in applied sciences:
Nonequilibrium critical phase transitions may appear in models of
Spatiotemporal intermittency: Phys. Rev. E 72 (2005) 016202,
Population dynamics : E. V. Albano, J. Phys. A 27 (1994) L881,
Epidemics spreading : T. Ligget, Interacting particle systems 1985,
Catalysis : Da-yin Hua, Phys. Rev E 70 (2004) 066101,
Itinerant electron systems : D. E. Feldman, Phys. Rev. Lett 95 (2005) 177201,
Cooperative transport : S. Havlin and D. ben-Avraham, Adv. Phys. 36 (1987) 695,
Enzyme biology : H. Berry, Phys. Rev. E 67 (2003) 031907,
Biological control systems : K. Kiyono, et al., PRL95 (2005) 058101.
Plasma physics : C.A. Knapek et al. Phys. Rev. Lett 98 (2007) 015001.
Stock-prize fluctuations and markets: K. Kiyono, et al., PRL96 (2006) 068701,
Meteorology and Climatology: O.Petres and D. Neelin, Nature Phys. 2 (2006) 393.